The diseases that animals and humans face are very different.
Perhaps because of the biological structure or simply because
a person can describe the pain while a dog, a cat or a horse
is unable to do the same.
It takes practice to be able to diagnose a problem with
an animal. Sometimes, a sudden change could be nothing or
this could be fatal. One good example is equine colic that
happens to horses.
Horses that suffer equine colic usually experience from
abdominal pain. Veterinarians are unable to pinpoint the exact
cause but attribute the problem to the food being given to
the animal. Something new may have been given which causes
gas to build up
Stress and lack of exercise could also be the culprit. Studies
show that equine colic happens more often to those raised
in stables than those in the field.
When the horse feels restless, decides to kick its own belly,
paws or rolls on the ground, stands outstretched or has a
curl on the upper lip, the owner should call a vet because
these are the usual symptoms of the disease.
This can only be confirmed with a more thorough exam given
by the doctor that will reveal an increase in heart rate and
temperature. Some medicine may be given but if it still refuses
to eat, there is a very high chance that the horse will die.
Treatment must be administered almost immediately since
most horses die within 48 hours. Unfortunately, even if the
animal survives, it may happen again which is why preventive
measures must be taken.
Here are some of these steps;
1. The owner or those who are in charge of taking care of
the animal should follow the regular feeding schedule as well
as make sure the stable is clean at all times. There must
always be a sufficient supply of clean drinking water especially
when the weather is hot to prevent dehydration.
2. Parasite could bring other diseases that could also make
the horse sick. It will be a good idea to set up a parasite
control program to prevent this from ever happening.
3. The ideal diet for a horse is processed grains. If this
is not yet being used, it is advisable to do this from now
4. Taking the horse out for a ride will give it the much
needed strength to fight off certain diseases.
5. Some owners give horses multivitamins and other drugs.
Before doing so, this should be checked by the veterinarian
since this could be the root cause of equine colic.
6. It is okay to give the horse hay every so often. Before
doing so, it will be a good idea to check it for foreign objects
that could also cause problems when it is digested.
7. Horses are unable to brush the teeth like humans. So,
the person has to take care of that as part of the hygiene,
which is just like cleaning the stable of waste daily.
There are many types of equine colic that vets classify.
These cases range from mild to severe. Since horses owners
may not be able to distinguish one from the other, it is always
advisable to get help immediately so the problem can be treated
before it is too late.
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