When horses were sent to Australia, beginning in 1788, only
the fittest of horses survived the conditions. The first horses
in Australia were used for farm work, and helped open up the
pastoral land. Explorers relied on horses for transportation.
Fences were poorly made, and many horses escaped. Australia
had many wild horses roaming the land.
Australian Brumby, got their name from James Brumpy who arrived
to Australia on the Britania in 1791. Brumbies do not have
a consistent size or color- they are often bred with the wild
horses. Australian Bumby's are seen as pests and valuable
resources. Pests because the wild horses damage fences and
drink the water supplies of cattle, and resources because
they are able to be used for meat, hair and tourism. If there
is a draught, Bumby's will paw at the ground until they dig
up water for themselves; but will also help the wildlife and
cattle find water as well.
AUSTRALIAN STOCK HORSE
In response to demands of the Australian environment, selective
breeding was performed in order to develop the Australian
Stock Horse. In 1788, the First Fleet brought horses to eastern
Australia, containing English thoroughbred and Spanish blood,
as well as Arabs, and Welsh Mountain ponies.
The need for horses in Australia during this time were for
traveling long distances daily, and due to those requirements,
the weak horses were culled. Strong horses were used to breed
more horses essential to the survival of the colony.
Originally called the Waler, the Australian Stock Horse was
recognized after the First World War. In 1971, the Australian
Stock Horse Society was created, in order to recognize and
formally organize the Australian breed of horses. In order
to be included in the Australian Stock Horse registry, the
horse had to score 50 pounts out of 100.
The Azteca breed was the first breed of horse to be developed
in Mexico. The breed was developed by blood from Andalusian,
Criollo and Quarter Horse horses. On November 4, 1982, the
Mexican Depatment of Agriculture granted an official registry
for the Azteca.
Azteca horses are between 14 and 15.3 hands, which is a height
established primarily because of the breeds intended use for
Charreria. They have lean heads and a straight facial profile.
The eyes of Azteca horses are expressive and full, and the
nostrils are full. Aztec necks are wide at the base and grow
thinner towards the head, displaying a straight angle. Their
necks have beautiful, shiny manes that are thick.
The shoulders of Azteca horses are broad and well developed,
in order to leave space between the withers. They have deep,
wide chests and short, strong backs. They have extremely shiny
coats and all colors are permitted into the registry except
for paints, albino and appaloosa.
Training and breaking Azteca horses is easy, and they respond
well to equine school disciplines that require the horses
to gait in a specific way. They are regarded very valuable
for schooling and have muscular structure and strength.
The Azteca is a fairly new breed, but has already created
a name for itself in sport jumping.
As one of the rarest breeds of equine, the Balearic Horse
hails from the Island of Majorca in Spain. As this breed stands
just 14 h.h., it is generally suitable as a riding pony.
This magnificent breed is not widely known and its origin
is of ancient times. The Balearic horse is one of the least
acknowledged type of horses to date, it is truly difficult
to come across much, if any information about this horse.
Officials typically consider this horse to be unimportant.
The Balearic Horse has very identifying characteristics,
from its Romanesque nose upon its delicate head to its arched
neck that is both short and thick, along with the graceful
carriage and slender limbs. This ancient horse is typically
found within the district of Palma and varies in colors such
as gray, chestnut, or bay.
The riding pony is typically used in harness, transportation,
and agricultural work on small farms. Researchers believe
that the Balearic could descend from those depicted on vases
and coins from ancient Greece. Some believe there could be
a relation between the Balearic and the Greek Skyros.
About the Author
Phillipe Wiskell is a writer for HorseClicks.com, popular
classifieds of horses