In Japan, the Hokkaido breed is called "Do-san-ko" as a term
of endearment. Hokkaido ponies are an old breed, thought to
have been brought by fishermen to Hokkaido during the Edo
era (1600 to 1867). The fishermen were searching for herring
in Hokkaido, and used the horses as their transportation-
but when the fishermen returned home, they left the horses
in Hokkaido. The fishermen expected the horses to live on
their own with snow all winter; with little bamboo grass in
the mountains. When they returned in the spring, the fishermen
would bring new horses and make use of any surviving horses
they found. It is from this cycle that the Hokkaido developed
their enduring strength.
Most of the breed is located in Hokkaido along the Pacific
Coast. of the remaining Japanese ponies, the Hokkaido is the
most plentiful with about 2000 ponies existing. The Hokkaido
are primarily used for transportation in mountains where vehicles
and machines cannot pass through. The eat mostly bamboo grass
and will wander the mountains in the winter, if left free
in search of bamboo, and will find their way back to the ranch
in the spring before the bears awake from hibernation. The
horses are mostly solid colors, and white markings are not
allowed by the registry.
In Schleswig-Holstein, a northern province of Germany, the
Holsteiner horse breed is the result of systematic breeding
that took place over a period of 750 years. The horse was
originally valued by the farmers of German for their steadiness,
reliability and strength. The military used Holsteiner's because
of their courage and agility. When mechanization and conditions
changed post war Germany, the use of Holsteiner horses changed
and they developed into sporting horses for driving, jumping,
and eventing. Breeders carefully included English Thoroughbred
and Anglo-Norman blood into the breeding process to add elgance
and jumping ability to Holsteiner's characteristics.
Modern day Holsteiner horses are about 16 or 17 hands in
height, with strong backs and loins. They have arched necks
that rise from an angled shoulder, and their head shows off
a large, intelligent eye. Their appearance makes them winners
in self-carriage events- an elegant movement that is required
for driving and jumping, as well as dressage competitions.
Ideal for sports, the Holsteiner has a fluid movement, and
a willingness to work that is not found in many other breeds.
One of the typical mountain breed of horses, the Hucul is
a breed that came from the Carpathians. In what is currently
called Romania, the native country of the Hucul is the Huculsko
region of Carpathians. Both the Kertag horses and Arabian
horses have contributed to the Hucul breed.
Hucul is very much like a wild horse, due to it's breeding
in the harsh conditions of Bukovina Carpathians.
Breeding development was stopped by World War I, and the
Hucul herd of horses was moved to Austria. When the war ended,
the herd and breeding of Hucul was later moved to Czechoslovakia
Common characteristics of the Hucul breed include a calm
temperatment, small and sturdy conformation, tough hooves
and being easy to feed. They can be used as draft horses in
the woods, or pack animals or riding animals on mountainous
There are only about 500 brood mares in all of the world.
HUNGARIAN WARMBLOOD HORSE
Sometimes known as the "hungarian sport horse", the Hungarian
Warmblood was developed in Hungary. The breeders used selective
breeding and crossing with native Hungarian horse breeds,
including the Holsteiner, Dutch Warmblood, Kisber Felver,
Gidran and Nonius, among others.
The Hungarian Warmblood breed is well known for modern sport
disciplines- including show jumping, combine driving, dressage,
The breed has an average height of 16 to 17 hands and come
in all solid colords. Hungarian Warmbloods are smaller, lighter
and more elegant than other warmblood horses because of the
influence of Hungarian breeds during breeding processes. In
order for inclusion in the registry, the horses must be inspected
and licensed by the breeding committee.
About the Author
Phillipe Wiskell is a writer for HorseClicks.com, popular
classifieds of horses