POLISH KONIK HORSE
Sometimes called Konik polski in Poland, and the Polish Pony
elsewhere; the Polish Konik is a pony used for riding and
draft in Poland. They are usually mouse gray colored with
a stripe on the dorsal.
PONY OF THE AMERICAS
In 1954, a pony was developed intended to have good appearance,
speed and fulfill a need for small riders who were too big
for a pony but too small for a full sized horse. The Pony
of the Americas is growing in popularity and is a distinctive
member of the pony breeds. They have color similarities to
the Appaloosa Horse. The Pony of Americas is athletic and
can jump, move quickly, and is known for intelligence and
Pony of the Americas breed have refined heads and Arab-like
noses. Their eyes are expressive and they have full bodies
with sloping shoulders. They are versatile and can perform
a wide variety of tasks. They appear to be small horses.
A Pony of the Americas eyes look like a human eye, and they
have iris's encircled with white. Their skin has irregular
black and white spots, and their hooves are striped. Their
coat patterns vary widely, and all have spots that are shaped
like eggs. The size of the spots can be anywhere from a speck
to a spot that is four inches or more in diameter. POA's are
between 46 and 56" at the withers.
Fifteen years after ponies were born of the stallion "Black
Hand #1" and sired by a shetland from an Appaloosa mare, the
Pony of the Americas registry contained over 12,000 registered
horses that were the offspring of that breeding.
An ancient breed from small horses that are found in Spain
and France, the Pottok were once considered a wild horse breed.
Now, Pottok horses are domesticated and have owners.
Pottok horses are tough and have high levels of endurance.
At one time, the breed was used for pack animals and to help
work in the mines, but since the 1970's they became used for
riding and for children's mounts because of their extremely
Pottok's make good harness animals, and can be put in shows
as a dressage mount. In 1983, there was a purebred Pottok
called Kuzko who become a champion in the combined show jumping
and dressage category.
The Mongolian Wild Horse, or the Przewalski as the breed
is called, is one of the last remaining wild horse species.
Other wild horses have been domesticated or have been descended
from domesticated horses. Until about 1990 or so, the Przewalski
breed of horses were extinct in the wild as they were exterminated
by hunters. The Przewalski Foundation in the Netherlands and
breeding preserves in the Ukraine combined to reintroduce
the horses to Mongolia.
The Przewalski breed was named after a man it is believed
discovered the horses, named Colonel Przewalski, in 1881.
There are many different stories about the first people to
discover Przewalski horses however, and no one is entirely
sure who was first.
A Przewalski horse is similar to domestic horses, but they
are smaller and their mane stands upright along their necks
and their tails are low set. Most of the breed are tan, dun,
sandy or reddish bay in color, and have a dorsal stripe and
The breed is very rare, and almost all of the remaining hundred
or so Przewalski horses live in zoos.
PYRENEAN TARPAN HORSE
A breed that takes on a different name depending on the country
they're in, the Pyrenean Tarpan is part of the Konink breed
type and the result of an attempt to preserve the purity of
this type of horse. In Poland, they are called Pottok; in
France they were called Navarre Pony, and in Spain they are
Asturian, while in Portugal they are known as Garrano. The
breeds are regional but very similar genetically.
When the ice age occurred, the change in the environment
caused the horses to become brown and black to help them avoid
predators. Baby horses of the Pyrenean Tarpan breed have the
original tarpan coloration for their first three months of
As the population of humans increased, the wild ponies were
forced into the mountains. Before 1950, it was very difficult
to find the Pyrenean Tarpan horse but since 1970, people have
been keeping the Pyrenean Tarpans with tehir Welsh, Shetland,
Arabians, Spanish and Breton horses.
starting in 1990, groups and organizations studying the Pyrenean
Tarpan have been working to conserve the remaining members
of the breed. They released horses into various areas of the
wild mountains to avoid inbreeding.
About the Author
Phillipe Wiskell is a writer for HorseClicks.com, popular
classifieds of horses