While most dressage (a French term meaning "training") horses
are warm bloods - Holsteiners, Trahkeners, Dutch Warmbloods,
and Oldenburgs - some American Quarter Horses have also been
very successful in dressage competitions. Whether the intent
is to participate in basic dressage competitions with your
horse or you have goals of reaching international competitions
or even the Olympic games, selecting the right horse for the
job is important.
In the search for a good competitive dressage horse, the
horse must be trained in terms of rhythm and regularity. The
horse should be able to maintain a steady and regular gait
whether in a pure walk, a pure trot or a pure canter, down
a straight path or a winding trail.
Pay close attention to that definition and note that dressage
competitions are all about the horses and not the rider; the
same is the case with other elements of dressage as well.
When it comes to the judge's decisions about how to score
dressage horses, it is up to the horse to perform well against
Another factor that judges score is the relaxed and confident
behavior of the horse. The evenness of the horse's gait, a
lack of tension and soft chewing of the bit, smooth transitions
and a swinging of the tail demonstrate these important factors
of the horse's performance in the dressage competition.
Judges in these events also look at the contact that the
riders have with their horses; dressage horses should not
pull the hands of the rider and the reins should be held evenly
- in other words, the horse should be able to come up into
the bridle and should be carried forward in a natural motion.
Just as the pull of the dressage horse is measured, so is
its push - the thrusting power that propels a horse forward
with correct muscle and joint use. Part of the horse's push
is measured in the straightness of the dressage horses gait,
the horse's ability to move forward with its hind legs following
the same path as its front legs.
If you are looking to acquire a dressage horse for future
competition, you will want to consider the abilities and traits
of the person for whom the horse is intended. While the judges
critique dressage horses in competition more than the rider,
it is equally important for the rider to be able to guide
the horse and to lead it through the judged events. If you
are naturally uneasy atop a horse, then you will want to find
a horse that is very intuitive and calm. If you were really
tall and lanky, you would not want to get a shorter horse,
no matter how successful the horse has been in previous competitions.
If a horse being considered is champion dressage horse, then
perhaps the horse will not be a good choice for little Suzie
to ride, even if little Suzie wants to compete. Little Suzie
is still quite young and a champion dressage horse is very
expensive. Perhaps more to the point, a champion should compete
regularly, rather than occasionally. Another thing to consider
is the bond that will develop between little Suzie and her
horse, and how Suzie's participation in the dressage training
of the horse will only add to the experience for Suzie.
In other words, when you look at dressage horses, it's important
to recognize that all breeds of horses that are used as riding
horses can be trained in the techniques and principles of
dressage. If you are an experienced rider who does not have
a great deal of experience with dressage - or any experience
within the dressage ring for that matter - you're likely to
find that the same American Quarter Horse that you've been
riding in pasture or on the trail can learn the basics of
dressage. Perhaps more importantly, you'll find that a bit
of training as a dressage horse will lead you to a more enjoyable,
Dressage horses are less likely to refuse to do as the rider
asks and is comfortable with bit contact. The flow of motion
between riders and dressage horses tends to be consistent
and will exhibit a constant communication between the two.
Dressage horses are balanced and better able to draw on the
strength of their hind legs, and have experience keeping a
steady pace whether walking, trotting or cantering.
When, as a rider, you are able to focus more on the ride
than on controlling your horse, you'll take more pleasure
in each outing that you make. Dressage horses - or, at the
very least, horses that have had some experience with dressage
- make great horses for kids and less experienced riders:
while the rider remains in control, dressage horses are responsive,
and that can have a huge impact on the pleasure of riding
About the Author
Phil Wiskell is a writer for HorseClicks.com, popular classifieds