A light horse breed, or pony, the Abyssinian is located in
Ethiopia. Abyssinian's have a great deal of variety in their
sizes and color.
AKHAL TEKE HORSE
Found in the country of Turkmenistan, the Akhal-Teke breed
is most at home in a barren, arid environment. Akhal-Teke
have been used as racehorses and cavalry mounts for over 3,000
years. This breed is known for it's natural gaits, unwillingness
to give up, and courage. The incredible stamina is a result
mostly of their diet of high protein- many are given butter
and eggs with their barley.
In recent years, Akhal-Teke have been used for dressage and
show jumping, as well as daily saddle riding.
The head of the Akhal-Teke breed is similar to that of Persian
Arab's, featuring a long front, ears, and neck, and very expressive
eyes. The chest is narrow, ribs are flat and their backs are
long. The breed's height typically averages 15 hands, and
gives a very elegant appearance with slender and long legs
that show off their tendons. Colors are typically dun, although
some will be gray. Golden and pale coats are preferred on
The Akhal Teke was originally bred by the Turkoman tribes.
One of the original four horse breeds that came from America
across the Bering Straight, the Akhal-Teke is a descended
of the Turkmenian horse.
Showing their stamina, the Akhal-Teke are known for the 15
horses that were part of the 84 day march in 1935. The horses
traveled from Ashkhabad to Moscow, which is over 2500 miles.
The trip included a 3 day stint where the horses did not have
access to water, and travel over 255 miles of desert.
Part of the Balkan family of horses, the Albanian is a small
breed of horse with two different types. Albanian horses originally
were either Mountain or Plains horses, although interbreeding
between the Mountain and Plains types have made it more difficult
to see the difference. The Mountain version of Albanian horses
are shorter, about 12.2 hands, while the Plains Albanian stands
slightly taller, at 13.2 hands.
The Altai breed of horses have been influenced by harsh climate
conditions found in the land they call home, the mountain
Altai horses have large heads that are of average lengths,
fleshy necks and a long back that dips slightly in the middle.
Legs are properly set and considered short. Some Altai have
defects including bowed hocks and sloping pasterns. Stallions
have average measurements of 140cm height at withers, 170cm
girth at chest, and 19cm cannon bone girth. Mares have 137cm
height at withers, 170cm chest girth and 18cm cannon bone
girth. Altai colors are black and gray, bay, chestnut and
sometimes have spots.
The Altai is an undemanding breed, and can pasture graze
all year round. when Altai's are crossed with pure breeds,
the resulting offspring are larger and stronger than the Altai,
but have sound health like the Altai.
The Altai Mountains were the breeding ground for Altai horses
for many centuries, which is why the Altai's are adapted to
harsh environments. Nomads living in this mountainous area
need horses with strong heart and muscles, and hard feet.
Horses must be sure-footed to travel over the steep mountain
trails through rock and through fast moving water. Altai horses
are hardy animals indispensable to the people who depend on
AMERICAN CREAM DRAFT HORSE
The first known American Cream Draft horse appeared in Iowa
in 1911. Her name was "Old Granny". It was believed she had
only draft breeding in the bloodlines. When bred with one
of her colt's, a new breed of horses was created. The new
breed were a creamy color with a white mane and tail, amber
eye color and pink skin.
Early registration records confirmed that "Old Granny" was
mated to Percherons, Belgians, Greys, Sorrels, and Dunns,
and often had the same rich cream color and having similar
other features. A man by the name of C.T. Rierson was very
interested in the American Cream Draft breed and recorded
the ancestry of each horse as completely as possible. Rierson
founded the American Cream Horse Association of America. In
1944 a chater was issued by the State of Iowa to 20 members
of the newly created American Cream Horse Association of America.
In February of 1950, the American Cream Horse Association
of America was recognized by the National Stallion Enrollment
Board and the Iowa Department of Agriculture as a standard.
This meant the breed would receive the same privileges that
older, more established horse breeds received in the state
In the 1950's there were over 200 American Cream Horses registered
by 41 people. Unfortunately, as tractors began replacing horses
in the fields, many draft horses were put to their deaths
at canneries. In the late 70's, Arnold Hockett and Richard
eads of Iowa and Illinois, encouraged the former secretary
of the no inactive horse association, Karene Bunker Topp,
to call a meeting in order to reorgnize and register the creams
they owned. In 1982, in Dubuque, Iowa, seven people got together
to reorganize and open the registration books to permit registration
of dark skinned females of the American Cream Horse breed,
while maintaining that the males must still have pink skin
along with the other requirements.
The American Livestock Breeds Conservancy placed the American
Cream Draft on the endangered species list.
Since 1982, one hundred fourteen American Cream Draft horses
have been registered. Membership is open to all owners of
American Creams, and membership can also be obtained by individuals
who are wanting to help fund the work of the organization
by paying a yearly dues- even if they do not own an American
Cream Draft Horse.
About the Author
Phillipe Wiskell is a writer for HorseClicks.com, popular
classifieds of horses