Originating in the Netherlands in the 1800's, the groningen
breed came from Oldenburg horses that were bred to local draft
breeds. In the 1970's, the Groningen breed was almost completely
overtaken by the Dutch Warmblood breed. the breed was restablished
by using Oldenburg blood (to prevent inbreeding).
Smaller than both the Lijiang and Jianchang, the Guangxi
pony is found in the Yunnan Province and the Sichuan Province
in the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region within China. The
smallest known Guangxi is 86 cm, with the average hieght about
Public roadways in Britain were improved with the development
of the Hackney breed of horse. Known and used most for high
tech carriage driving and riding, wealthy farmers in Britian
were responsible for breeding the Hackney.
The Hackney breed originated in Norfolk, England, with the
breeding of Norfolk Trotters with Thoroughbreds. The first
Hackney was foaled in 1760.
As ships crossed the waters in the 1800's, Hackneys and smaller
ponies were being imported and exported.
As the roadway of Britain was improved, and it was not necessary
for draft animals that could pull carts through deep ruts
and potholes, the Hackney horses could be used to trot to
market. often, farmers could be seen racing their horses to
the market on the new, improved roads, and while riding the
fast Hackney breed of horses.
In 1883, the Hackney Stud Book Society was formed to formalize
breeding of Hackneys in England. In America and Britain during
the 1880's, the Hackney was the ultimate horse for driving.
Haflinger horses got their name from the village of Hafline,
which is now located in Italy but was previously part of Austria
before World War I. Haflinger originated in the mountains
of Austrain Tyrol.
The Haflinger breed first came to North America in 1958,
to Wadsworth, Illinois. The farm imported them to begin a
breeding program with Lippizzan horses. Haflingers are imported
from Austria, as well as Italy, Germany, England and Holland
and there are now a number of Haflinger breeders within both
the United States and Canada.
A very noble looking horse, the Hanoverian breed is a warmblood
with elgance, natural balance, and a rhythmic canter. They
originated in Saxony, Germany, where there was once a horse-breeding
industry that flourished for over 400 years. One of the most
prominent riding horse breeds throughout the world, there
are Hanoverian horses on all 5 continents.
Hanoverian horses are calm and level headed even in difficult
situations. They allow the rider to drive them, and can be
used for a number of different reasons.
The registry for Hanoverians was developed in 1978, for the
purpose of promoting and preserving the breed. The American
Hanoverian Society is an independent organization, but it
has a close relationship with the inspection, licensing procedures,
registration and educational activities of the German Hanoverian
A breed from the Qinghai Province of China, the Hequ is used
as a draft and pack animal, and for racing and riding. The
word "Hequ" means "river zig" and the breed was given this
name because the horses were originally found along the Yellow
River, at places where it "Zigs".
Large numbers of horses were imported by the Tang dynasty
emperor from western Asian countries. The Hequ were mixed
with Mongolian stock at the time.
Mare Hequ's can produce up to thirteen foals in a lifetime.
Their native land is 11,000 feet in altitude, which means
the temperatures are low and the climate is moist during summer.
Hequ horses are black, grey or brown, and come in three different
types and sizes.
With a carefully recorded history for many years, the Highland
Pony is the truest British native type of horse, with proven
pedigrees dating back to the 1880's. Used as the universal
work horse of Scotland two hundred years ago, the horses were
about 15 hands at the time, atlhough the current Highland
pony registry limits horses to a height limit of 14.2hands.
Queen Victoria was the first of the royal family to fall
in love with the Highland Pony breed, and the current queen
also has a personal interest in the breed.
Highland Ponies were improved in the 1890's for agricultural
work purposes. The Society did not limit or sectionalize the
stud book, so interested breeders could breed from any registered
pony in order to create horses for whatever purpose they chose.
There are a wide range of size and type accepted for Highland
Ponies due to the relaxed breeding. Most Highland Ponies are
used for bone and substance, but are also used for riding
and driving. Highland Ponies are often used to develop and
improve other breed's native intelligence and temperament.
About the Author
Phillipe Wiskell is a writer for HorseClicks.com, popular
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