In southwestern England, the Exmoor Pony are descendants
of horses that walked along the land of Britain before it
was an island. The oldest native pony breed, the Exmoor pony
is evidenced to exist over 60,000 years.
The Exmoor Pony is suited to survive in we and cold climates,
and can do so without assistance from people for food or shelter.
The Exmoor breed has hooded-eyes that protect them from rain
and wind, and a chute down the tail that channels snow and
rain off the bodies of the horses. Exmoor's have shiny and
sleek coats in summer, and grow a double layer in the winter
for waterproofing and insulation. They are always brown in
color, with black points and a ring around the eye and muzzle.
Their height ranges between 11 and 12 hands and weight about
Originally, Exmoor's were horses used for tending and herding
to livestock, but they are also great in competition and win
events in dressage, jumping, and long distance riding with
both children and adult drivers. Exmoor's seem to enjoy working,
are intelligent and can jump like a cat!
In the 1950's, Exmoor's were imported into Canada. The breed
is still rare, with only about 800 ponies existing around
the world, but the foal number is increasing.
Similar to the Icelandic Pony, the Faeroes Pony is of ancient
origin and is among the purest breeds due to isolated conditions.
The Faeroe breed is found between the shetland Islands and
Iceland on the Faeroe Islands. The climate of the islands
is mild and the temperature is quite constant.
Faeroes Pony has a resemblance to the horses brought from
Asia to Europe around 200 A.D, and are small in size. Most
are bay color, with some black. Their hair grows heavy in
winter, but is thick year round.
The Falabella breed is named after the family who developed
the breed during the 19th Century. The origination of the
Falabella breed comes from the Andalusian horse, brought with
Spaniards during the attempt of a conquest. When the Spaniard's
were unsuccessful at taking over the human inhabitants, they
left the horses to survive on their own.
The horses wandered over vast plains, and with each foaling,
the breed underwent biological and structural changes in order
to adapt and survive in their new environment. They built
up incredible resistance and stamina due to their need to
travel long distances in search of pasture and water. They
developed sharp instincts to sense danger.
The Falabella family found the horses in a province in Argentina,
and began experimenting with breeding. After years of breeding,
they achieved a breed of well-structured horses that live
to 40 or 45 years of age. Offspring are bred with similar
temperaments of the parents, and the Falabella is a gentle
animal that enjoys people.
Hair on Falabella horses is silky, and they have short manes.
They are energetic and walk with a spontaneous gait. Their
colors may be pinto, chestnut and bay, but most are black
Courage and adaptability are the characteristics of a classic
native breed in England, the Fell Pony. The breed can trot
at a steady speed over long distances, has a docile temperament
which makes it a good horse for riding.
Present day Fell ponies are about 14 hands in height, have
long necks and laid back shoulders.
Sometimes referred to as the Finnish Universal horse because
it offers Finland horse owners all qualities needed in a good
horse, the Finnhorse is adescendant of the European domestic
horse. Finnhorses are easy to handle, quick, live long and
have good endurance. Most are chestnut in color, and have
white markings on the legs and face. Some Finnhorses are bay
or greyish colored, with only a few brown or black.
In Finland, trotting is a popular sport, and about 40 percent
of starts for races are Finnhorses. This breed is also used
often for riding schools to teach both children and adult
riders, thanks to their patience and calmness.
About the Author
Phillipe Wiskell is a writer for HorseClicks.com, popular
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