DUTCH WARMBLOOD HORSE
A warmblooded sport horse, the Dutch Warmblood is typically
used for recreational and competitive purposes, such as driving,
three day events, jumping, and dressage. The Dutch Warmblood
is the direct descendent of the Groningen and the Gelderlander.
There are several different types of Dutch Warmblood Horses
and most are bred in an area of Holland.
The Riding Horse Type, also called the rijpaardtype, is known
best for its athleticism. It has soundness and excellent characters,
making the breed prime for vaulting, combined driving, dressage,
Another type is the Show driving Type, also called Tuigpaardtype.
This type of Dutch warmblood horse is typically used as a
show horse, in areas where high stepping, style, and extravagance
is warranted. With this type of breed, the Hackney and the
Gelderlander is typically used.
Finally, the Basic Type, also called Basistype. This are
more relative to the earlier versions of the Gelderlander.
This breed of Dutch Warmblood horse is typically used to maintain
the Old Gelderlander gene pool, farm work, driving, and riding.
EAST BULGARIAN HORSE
A breed developed in the early 1900's from crossing Thoroughbreds
and English Halfbred with Anglo-Arab, Arab and Bulgarian native
horses, the East Bulgarian is a draft horse that is often
used for light riding. Most horses of the breed are chestnut,
black or bay in color.
The Egyptian breed of horse, also referred to as Baladi,
is an Arab type of horse that lives in Egypt. The breed is
used for light riding.
ERISKAY PONY HORSE
Found off the coast of Scotland on the Hebrides Islands,
the Eriskay Pony breed is the only variety of Hebridean ponies
remaining. The breed is almost extinct, and they originated
with Celtic type horses and no imported bloodlines.
Eriskay Ponies and other Western Isles type of horses were
used throughout the Hebrides Islands through the middle of
the 19th century, handling tasks like cart pulling, hauling
peat and seaweed, and bringing children to and from school.
The ponies evolved and learned to survive on limited food
supply and coats that grew thicker to adapt to harsh, cold
and windy climates. In the early years, while the men were
working at sea, women and children handled the work of raising
and caring for horses so only those that would adapt and were
willing to be trained would be kept.
In the early 1970's, when machinary really started taking
over much of the manual labor and farming tasks, the pure
bred Eriskay Ponies dwindled to about 20 horses. During this
time, dedicated individuals joine together to try and save
the breed from extinction. The number of Eriskays have increased
to aroudn 300 currently, but are still listed by the Rare
Breeds Survival Trust as a critical category "1".
Eriskay Ponies are friendly and make excellent family ponies-
even playing football with children, or training to work with
special needs children.
ESTONIAN NATIVE HORSE
Despite crossing with other breeds, the Estonian Native breed
retained the characteristic features known of native northern
horses. The breed has played a significant role in the development
of both the Vyatka breed and the Obva breed of horses.
In the 14th and 15th centuries, the Estonian breed was used
in Russia because they had the ability to adapt to conditions
well, and were characteristically good workers. With the advancement
of agriculture came the need for sturdy, working horses, and
the Estonian breed were crossed with larger breeds. Breeding
of Estonians with the native horses and light harness and
saddle breeds resulted in a crossbred mare with extraordinary
pulling endurance and strength.
Unfortunately, as agriculture and transportation industries
increased, the Estonian native were not used as much as the
new crossbreed on the mainland of Estonia- and is now only
found on the islands of Hiiumaa, Saaremaa, and Muhu. There
are about 1,000 existing Estonians.
The average height of the stallions are 142 cm at withers,
and a body length of 147 cm. Estonian's enjoy a long life
span. Modern Estonian's are curently used for saddle riding,
tourism and light agricultural work.
About the Author
Phillipe Wiskell is a writer for HorseClicks.com, popular
classifieds of horses