PERUVIAN PASO HORSE
Before the 17th century most of the horses in the world had
natural gaits, and horses that trotted were exceptional. The
majority of travel was done upon a horses back, and there
were very little people who knew much about riding a horse,
so it was extremely important for a horse to offer a smooth
After the 17th century, there was a greater use for trotting
horses. Roads were built and people began traveling in carriages
drawn by horses- and trotting horses were much more suitable
to the pulling of the carriages. Trotting horse breeding was
inreased. At the same time, cattle was raised on large areas
of land, and trotting horses were necessary for working the
cattle. In addition, horse racing began gaining popularity
and that of course, required the faster trotting horses over
the gaited horses.
Peruvian Paso horses were bred with natural gaits. They came
from bloodstock that included Peru horses, Spanish horses
and blending with Barb, Friesian, Andalusian and the Spanish
Jennet. Over many centuries, no other horses have been introduced
into the Peruvian Paso breed, which means they remain the
only naturally gaited breed of horse in the world that gaurantees
the offspring will have the same, natural gait. The gait is
the trademark of the Peruvian Paso.
Horses with natural gaits are becoming popular again, thanks
to people wanting to enjoy pleasure riding of horses. They
are very showy horses because of their energy and pride- they
hold their heads high and appear to always be in a parade!
Peruvian horses are the only horses with a termino movement-
which is the graceful and flowing movement similar to a swimmer's
arms, where the horses forelegs are rolled outwards as the
horse moves forward.
Peruvian Paso horses can move slowly or quickly, but regardless
of the speed, their movements are flashy and natural. Peruvian
horses are shown with their natural hoofs, and are rarely
shown with shoes.
The colors of Peruvians include all th solid colors, and
some greys and roans. They are directly linked to the Barb
horse, which means some of the Peruvians will result with
striking colors and shades. Modern Peruvians stand about 14
or 15 hands and weight between 900 and 1100 pounds. They are
similar in size to Morgans and Arabians.
Sometimes referred to as Pindhos or Pindus, the Pindos pony
is a Greek Pony variety found in the mountains of Greece.
It is rare, but used for light riding and as a draft pony.
Found in western Peloponnese in Greece, the Pinia breed is
a greek Pony variety with Nonius, Anglo-Arab andAnglo-Norman
breeding. The breed colors include blue roan, chestnut, gray,
or bay. The herdbook for Pinia horses was established in the
year 1995. The breed is rare.
The Pintabian has 99% Arabian blood and tobiano markings.
Their patterns are non-symmetrical and they have large, irregular
spots on their bodies. They cross the topline between tehir
ears and tails, but are placed randomly over the horse. Most
of the Pintabian horses have white markings on their heads,
sometimes with a star, strip, or blaze. Most commonly all
four of the Pintabian legs are white.
Ideally, Pintabian horses are about 50% white and 50% colored,
but they can vary. In order to produce a spotted horse of
this type, at least one of the parents must be tobiano. Pintabian
horses were developed by the continous breeding of purebred
Arabians with tobianos.
Pintabians have arched necks, short backs and carry their
tails high. They are between 14 and 15.2 hands and weight
between 900 and 1100 pounds.
Horses that are part of the "Pinto" breed class are there
because of their colors; as opposed to most other breeds that
are classified by their genetic ancestries. Pintos are dark
colored with random patches of white over their bodies. Pinto
colors can be found in any breed, but the Pinto Horse Association
will not allow horses with Appaloosa, mule breeding or Draft
characteristics to be registered. It has been said that the
American Indians of the west favored the Pinto breed as their
war horses because the coloring provided a natural camouflage.
There is no specific conformation for Pinto's because they
are bred only for color. If the darker color on the horse
is black, then the horse will be described as Piebald and
when the darker color is anything other than black, those
horses are classified as Skewbald. Pintos are any number of
breeds, from Miniatures to Thoroughbreds.
While there are no consistent conformations, there are four
types that are recognized among the Pinto family of horses.
They include: Saddle type, Hunter type, Stock type and Racing
type. The types are determined by the horses background and
conformation. Stock Pinto's are primarily Quarter and Paint
breeding while Hunter Pinto's are mostly Thoroughbred breeding.
Saddle Pinto's are American Saddlebred, Missouri Foxtrotter
or Tennessee Walking breeding and the Racing Pinto's are Arabian
Difference Between Paint & Pinto
To many people, it's hard to see the difference between horses
that are registered Pinto and horses that are registered Paints.
The distinction between them is fairly simple, though. To
be registered as a Paint horse, the horse must be documented
as a Quarter Horse, Thoroughbred or Pain. Eligibility for
the two registriess actually has very little to do with the
color or pattern that exists on the horse, it has to do with
Origin of the Pinto Breed
Pinto horses were brought into North America by the European
explorers, mostly coming from Spain.
There are 2 main patterns that are widely recognized as Pinto
Tobiano - horse appears to be white with large spots
of color. There is more colored markings than white. In order
to have a Tobiana foal, one of the parents must be Tobiano.
Overo - horse appears to be colored with white spots
of color, usually found on the side or belly of the horse
and spreading to the neck, legs, back and tail.
About the Author
Phillipe Wiskell is a writer for HorseClicks.com, popular
classifieds of horses