Horse Stall contains all types of information for Horse Lovers.
There are a number of products branded horse gifts and products.
All gifts have a unique horse design that horse lovers and pony
owners will appreciate. Branded items include: t-shirts, sweatshirts,
sneakers, posters, skateboards, mouse pads, stickers, bumper stickers,
buttons, mugs, tote bags, invitations, greeting cards, neckties,
postcards, posters, prints and much more!
Horse Articles :: Basics to Good Equitation
Basics to Good Equitation
There are many aspects to equitation, but good hands, a good
seat and use of the aids are the first needing to be considered.
GOOD HANDS - This means that the hands are supple, sensitive,
sympathetic, flexible and adaptable - maintaining a light,
constant contact with the horse's mouth - thus giving a maximum
control of the horse while he remains calm - with the least
possible exertion on the part of the rider.
A GOOD SEAT - This means that the rider is both firm and
balanced in the saddle, his legs in a position to signal and
control the horse - a combination of balance, security and
control. There are four basic seats (in the United States).
Hunting seat - Generally used in hunting, polo, jumping and
cross-country riding, it is characterized by a position balanced
over the horse's center of gravity at all gaits (and at speed,
balanced on the stirrups). The back is straight, but relaxed,
and head up. The thighs are in full contact with the saddle
and close to the pommel, the inner portion of the legs in
contact with the horse, the knee "covering" the toe, heels
down, toes pointed slightly outward, elbows slightly bent
and parallel to the side. "Heels down and chin up."
At gaits faster than the walk, the rider bends forward from
the hips, the position of the legs remaining unchanged.
This is frequently referred to as the Balanced, or Forward
Saddle horse seat - This seat is characterized by use
of longer stirrups. Consequently, there is less bend in the
knee and the rider appears to be sitting closer to the cantle.
The stirrup irons are under the ball of the feet. The hands
are generally held higher above the withers than in the forward
or hunting seat, elbows are close to the side and the back
Stock or Western seat - This seat is influenced by
the heavy stock saddle with the stirrups hung further back
than in the flat types of saddle. It is characterized by an
almost straight leg and, as with a saddle horse, the hands
are held higher above the prominent pommel.
Dressage seat - The rider is balanced vertically. Basically
a hunting seat, but the rider never leaves the saddle and
thus uses a longer leather for greater control.
Faults - Common faults in all seats are: Slouching
in the saddle, legs too far forward ("feet on the dashboard"),
stirrups too long, stirrups too short, knees not in contact
with the saddle, heels level or up, reins too long and lack
THE AIDS - This refers to the various means by which a
rider controls and communicates with the horse: his hands
(the reins), his legs, weight (balance) and voice. They are
used in conjunction with each other. Artificial aids include
the whip, crop and spurs. The martingale, noseband, rigid
reins, gag snaffle, etc. are also used to control the horse.
Direct rein refers to the use of the rein in such a way as
to exert pressure to the rear in order to displace the horse's
weight to the rear; this is also known as the Direct Rein
Indirect rein refers to the use of the rein to exert pressure
to the rear toward the opposite side - in front of the withers.
The horse turns to the opposite side without advancing.
Leading rein means opening out the rein away from the horse's
head to move it to the right or left, by carrying the hand
well out to the right or left.
Bearing rein means moving the rein against the horse's neck
toward the opposite side without increased pressure to the
rear. The right bearing rein is produced when the right rein
acts toward the left against the right side of the horse's
neck. The left bearing rein would be produced by the left
rein acting toward the right against the left side of the
There are more aspects to equitation, but these will get you
off on the right foot.
About the Author
offers Thoroughbred horse racing and horse racing tips online
for horse racing handicapping and those who love thoroughbred
horses for the horse racing tracks.