Horses are large solid hoofed mammals.
There are approximately 400 different breeds of horse.
Horse History: Asian nomads probably domesticated
the first horses some 4,000 years ago. Horses have remained
essential to the development and protection of many
Other Names for Horses: Bronco, Colt, Filly,
Foal, Gelding, Mare, Mustang, Nag, Pony, Stallion, Steed,
Horse in Foreign Languages
Plains Apache: Chelee
Western Apache: Chelee
Dutch: Paard / Arch
Estonian: Hobune / Hobu
German: Pferd / Ross / Pferdehengst / Pferdestute
Haitian Creole: Chwal
Icelandic: Hestur/ Hross
Irish: Capall / Each / Capaill
Latin: Equus / Caballus
Lithuanian: Arklys/ Zirgas
Low Saxon: Peerd
Old English: Hors / Eoh / Hengest / Mearh
Old French: Cheval
Old Irish: Capall
Pennsylvania German: Gaul
Polish: Kon / Klacz
Portuguese: Cavalo / égua
Slovakian: Kôn / Kone
Spanish: Caballo / Yegua
Swedish: Häst / Russ / Fåle
Turkish: At / Beygir
West Frisian: Hynder / Hoppe
Horse Size: The height of a horse is measured
in hands. One hand is equal to 4 inches. Horses come
in vastly different sizes, and weigh from 120 to 2,200
lbs. The smallest horse breed is the miniature horse
measuring less than 34 inches at the withers, the smallest
minature was around 19 inches. The largest horse breeds
are draft horses and include: the Belgian, Clydesdale,
Friesian, Percheron, and Shire. Draft horses are typically
16 to 19 hands high (64 - 76 inches tall) and weighs
1,400 to 2,000 lbs or more.
Foal: A foal is a horse less than
a year old of either sex
Yearling: A yearling is a horse of either
sex that is between one and two years old
Colt: A colt is a male horse under the
age of four.
Filly: A filly is a female horse under
the age of four.
Mare: A mare is a female horse four years
old and older
Stallion: A stallion is a non-castrated
male horse four years old and older.
Gelding: A gelding is a castrated male
horse of any age.
Diet: Horses are herbivores and mainly feed
on hays and grasses.
Habitat: Horses have adapted to a variety of
climates, they most frequently thrive in places
abundant in grass and water like grassy plains and
lower altitude mountains.
Did You Know?
The skeletal system
of the horse develops until the age of
Senses: A horse's senses are generally superior
to those of a human. Horses have excellent day and night
vision, and have the largest eye of any mammal. Horses
also have good hearing. There sense alert them to danger.
Description: Horses have a short-haired coat,
a long mane, and a long tail.
Horses communicate with sounds as well as body language.
Horses will move their ears to indicate pleasure,
displeasure or anger, watching a horses ears can
be very telling about their mood. They also use
tail movement to communicate.
Did You Know?
The general rule for
distinguishing between a horse and a pony
is at maturity the height of a pony does
not exceed 14.2 hands (58 inches). An
animal 14.2 hands or more is a horse,
under is a pony. However there are many
exceptions, in Australia ponies are determined
at 14 hands.
Horse Gestation: Horses carry their young for
Birth: Horses give birth to a single foal at
a time, giving birth to twins is rare.
Sexual Maturity: Horses are sexually mature
around the age of 18 months, however rarely are domesticated
horses allowed to breed before the age of 3.
Life Span: The modern domestic horse has a life
span 25 to 30 years.
Social Structure: Horses are highly social herd
animals that prefer to live in a group, typically referred
to as a herd. There is a "pecking order" within
Athleticism: Horses have been domesticated since
ancient times and they are used for riding, for drawing
or carrying loads. A horses gallop allows them to travel
25 to 30 mph.